Journal of Intelligence Studies in Business <p align="justify">JISIB is a peer-reviewed, no-fee Open Access Journal. The journal publishes articles on topics including market intelligence, marketing intelligence, strategic intelligence, business intelligence, competitive intelligence, collective intelligence, financial intelligence, scientific and technical intelligence, foresight, insight, and equivalent terms in other languages. These include “<em>l’information stratégique et de la sécurité économiques</em>” (Sisse) [previously “<em>intelligence économique"</em>] and “<em>veille</em>” in France, “<em>omvärldsanalys</em>” in Sweden and “<em>Konkurrenz-/Wettbewerbsforschung</em>” in Germany. The journal has a managerial focus as well as an applied technical focus (information systems), as these are now well-integrated into real life business intelligence solutions. By focusing on business applications the journal does not compete directly with journals that focus on library sciences or state/national/military intelligence studies. The journal only publishes articles on knowledge management and knowledge transfer in exceptional cases, as these are well developed areas with their own journals.</p> <p align="justify">JISIB occupies a niche. It currently caters to a group of scholars made up of over 200 active individuals spread around the world. It is supported by an estimated 5,000 practitioners and caters to specific conferences (<a href="">ICI</a>, <a href="">ECIS</a>, <a href="">SIIE</a>, <a title="VSST" href=";lang=en">VSST</a>, <a href="">SCIP</a>, <a href="">ITICTI</a>, <a href="">EBRF</a>, ECKM, <a href="">AIM</a>) where both academics and practitioners meet regularly. These conferences produce over 300 papers annually, of which over 40 are potentially full-length, scientific articles. JISIB publishes three issues a year made up of between five and seven articles and 55+ pages.</p> <p align="justify">To strengthen the ties between business intelligence researchers and practitioners, an independent management board of practitioners has been created for the journal.</p> <p align="justify">Those interested in posting research topics and discuss the journal can do so at the <a href="">JISIB Linkedin Group</a>. Another place to discuss topics related to the fields covered by JISIB is at <a href="">the Competitive Intelligence group at Ning</a>, which caters to more than 2,500 members.</p> <p align="justify">There are many portals for Intelligence Studies which can be accessed in any language with Google Translate. These include <a href="">World-Class CI</a> (in English), and <a href="">CI Worldwide</a> (in French). Other journals with a similar scope include the <a href="">South African Journal of Information Management</a> and <a href="">Revista Inteligência Competitiva</a>. </p> <p align="justify">Thanks to all who are making this journal possible and have shown such patience!</p> <p> </p> <p>Sincerely Yours,</p> <p> <img src="" alt="" /></p> <p>Klaus Solberg Söilen</p> <p>Professor of Management</p> <p>Editor-in-chief, JISIB</p> Adhou Communication AB en-US Journal of Intelligence Studies in Business 2001-0168 Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:<br /><br /><ol type="a"><ol type="a"><li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li></ol></ol><br /><ol type="a"><ol type="a"><li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li></ol></ol><br /><ol type="a"><li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See <a href="" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li></ol> Intelligence studies as an alternative approach to the study of economics <p>The study of economics, but even business and management today, are too far removed from the<br>reality they are trying to describe. To study economics has instead ironically become a guaranteed way<br>not to understand much about real economics; for example, how money is created and is distributed<br>through private banks or how the gold market works. Instead scholars know econometrics, or they adhere<br>to some group with a favorite journal. As we know, far earlier than Adam Smith, for example with Marco<br>Polo, at the heart of economics lies the notion of competitive advantage. In the thick books I am sifting<br>through that notion is never lost. It’s all about understanding markets to find an opportunity or a niche.</p> Klaus Solberg Söilen Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Intelligence Studies in Business 2021-10-13 2021-10-13 11 2 Intention to use mobile applications in competitive intelligence: An extended conceptual framework <p>This article aims at identifying the key antecedents to behavioral intention and<br>use behavior of individuals regarding mobile applications that can support competitive<br>intelligence of firms. Attention was given to perspective antecedents in behavioural intention<br>and use behaviour of mobile applications in competitive intelligence. A qualitative research<br>based on a literature review of 21 peer-reviewed journal articles covering a period of six years<br>from 2014 was used. These articles were collected from separate databases using search<br>engines. All UTAUT2 constructs had a direct and significant influence on mobile application<br>use. Following significance factors were ease of use, perceived usefulness, perceived enjoyment,<br>and trust. However, perceived risk, subjective norms, and self-efficacy were insignificant. An<br>extended model was later developed with 15 constructs. This article highlights the key<br>determinants of user behavior regarding mobile applications that firms should act on in order<br>to foster the acceptance of these technologies despite the privacy risks that arise. Previous<br>research has largely ignored the influence of perceptive antecedents in the behavioural<br>intention and use behaviour of mobile applications in competitive intelligence. This article<br>covers this gap by drawing attention to the cognitive psychological perspective of the<br>phenomenon.</p> Alexander Maune Copyright (c) 2021 2021-10-13 2021-10-13 11 2 The first wave impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Nasdaq Helsinki stock exchange: Weak signal detection with managerial implications <p>The global pandemic caused by the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) came mostly<br>as a surprise and had a major effect on the global economy. This type of major events that can<br>bring societies to nearly a total standstill are difficult to predict but have a significant impact<br>on business activities. Nevertheless, weak signals might be possible to detect beforehand to<br>enable preparation for the impact, both globally and locally. This study analyses the impact of<br>the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Nasdaq Helsinki stock exchange by utilising<br>large-scale media analytics. This entails gaining data through media monitoring over the entire<br>duration of the pandemic by applying black-box algorithms and advanced analytics on real<br>cases. The data analysis is carried out to understand the impact of a such global event in<br>general, while aiming to learn from the potential weak signals to enable future market<br>intelligence to prepare for similar events. A social media firestorm scale, similar to the Richter<br>scale for earthquakes or Sapphir-Simpson scale for hurricanes, is utilised to support the<br>analysis and assist in explaining the phenomenon. The results indicate that pandemics and<br>their impact on markets can be studied as a subset of a media firestorms that produce a sharkfin<br>type of pattern in analytics. The findings indicate that early signals from such events are<br>possible to detect by means of media monitoring, and that the stock exchange behaviour is<br>affected. The implications include highlighting the importance of weak signal detection from<br>abundant data to have the possibility to instigate preventive actions and prepare for such events<br>to avoid maximum negative business impact. The early reaction to this type of events requires<br>a very streamlined connection between market intelligence and different business activities.</p> Kalle Nuortimo Janne Härkönen Copyright (c) 2021 2021-10-19 2021-10-19 11 2 Competitive intelligence application: The case of geothermal power plant development in rural Tompaso, North Sulawesi, Indonesia <p>The vision of the community around geothermal power plants and the<br>development of the power plants should be based on sustainable development principles,<br>without jeopardizing the quality of life and justice for communities surrounding the power plant.<br>This research aims to: (i) identify issues that arise as an result of the development of geothermal<br>power plants in rural Tompaso, and (ii) find solutions to the issues to minimize the conflicts<br>that arises from further geothermal power plant development in rural Tompaso and its<br>surroundings. This study is based on the competitive intelligence research method. The results<br>show that the development of geothermal power plants in Tompaso has a negative impact on<br>the natural and social environment. The technical solutions offered include: (i) bioremediation<br>by cultivating plants that absorb arsenic; (ii) biosulfurization and desulfurization for reducing<br>air pollution, especially sulfur; (iii ) floods and extreme drought managed by improving<br>infrastructure and reforestation; (iv) social conflicts (land acquisition, working days, labor<br>recruitment and settlement security) are solved by intensifying program dissemination to the<br>community and involving local communities in decision making. The recommended policy<br>provides incentives to the local community through strategic programs for the development of<br>human and natural resources.</p> Franky Reintje Tulungen Wilmar Maarisit Parabelem Tino Dolf Rompas Copyright (c) 2021 2021-10-13 2021-10-13 11 2 Strategic thinking and competitive intelligence: Comparative research in the automotive and communication industries <p>The main purpose of this study is to examine the effect of strategic thinking skills<br>of executives on competitive intelligence in high competition intense industries. The concept of<br>strategic thinking represents a cognitive process that was examined along with system<br>thinking, creativity and vision dimensions. On the other side the concept of competitive<br>intelligence was evaluated with the dimension of competitive intelligence context and the<br>competitive intelligence process as a process that represents the systematic collection of<br>information about competitors through legal and ethical ways. In this study, the concepts of<br>strategic thinking and competitive intelligence are examined around the related literature and<br>to what extent these concepts are related to each other was investigated as well. Since the<br>research on this relationship has a unique attribution, it contributes to the related literature. To<br>test the model formed in line with the main purpose of the research, data were collected from<br>628 executives, who work in five high competition intense automotive industries and three<br>communication industries, using a questionnaire method. The developed hypotheses were<br>evaluated with appropriate analysis methods. In addition, industrial differences were revealed<br>by comparing the two industries with appropriate analyses. According to the findings of the<br>analysis, the strategic thinking skills of both executives participating in the research as well as<br>the executives working in both industries have a positive and meaningful effect on their<br>competitive intelligence. The study has made a significant contribution to the literature in<br>terms of examining and explaining the relationship between the concepts of strategy and<br>competition through the interaction of strategic thinking and competition intelligence.</p> Mehmet Emirhan Kula Atılhan Naktiyok Copyright (c) 2021 2021-10-13 2021-10-13 11 2 Competitive intelligence as a factor of the innovation capability in Mexican companies: A structural equations modeling approach <p>In today's world markets, where rivalry is increasingly intense, companies face<br>pressure to deliver better results in a shorter time. The continual technological change produces<br>more efficient equipment, processes and products, new business relationships due to emerging<br>and unexpected substitute products, as well as changing consumer preferences. In this<br>constantly changing environment, companies need useful information to develop strategies,<br>make decisions and implement them throughout the organization to increase their<br>competitiveness and market share. This is not easy or straightforward, it begins at the<br>company's strategy level and ends with the creation, development, and deployment of the<br>technological capabilities necessary to provide agile and flexible responses to customers, market<br>situations, and technological changes. The innovation capability of companies plays an<br>important role, as it is a critical strength, technology-based and strategic in nature, with the<br>purpose of creating and developing new products and improved processes. This is a continuous<br>source of competitive advantage, and a necessary element for companies that operate in highly<br>competitive environments and under growing rivalry, in order to improve technological<br>innovations and developments. This information is essential for decision-making and one way<br>to generate it is through methodologies, among which competitive intelligence stands out. This<br>article presents an investigation using a structural equation modeling methodology to evaluate<br>the relationships between competitive intelligence and innovation capability of Mexican<br>companies. The empirical results show that competitive intelligence has an important indirect<br>impact on three main functions of innovation capability: creation of new concepts, innovation<br>and technological development, and development/improvement of ideas for products, processes,<br>and equipment. The indirect effect is through knowledge management as a mediating factor.</p> Eduardo Rafael Poblano-Ojinaga Copyright (c) 2021 2021-10-13 2021-10-13 11 2